Dr. Tim O’Higgins is a Research Fellow at Marine and Renewable Energy Ireland. Tim is a marine ecologist with a focus on marine policy and governance and a particular interest in complex adaptive social-ecological systems and the measurement and mapping of ecosystem services.  He has written a popular book on the ecosystem based approach to management. Tim has worked extensively on European marine policy, in particular the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and had a coordinating role in the FP7 KnowSeas project.  As well as leading the AQUACROSS case study in Lough Erne, Ireland, his current research includes the EU H2020 project Aquaspace and work for the Celtic Seas Partnership.