Dr. Fiona Culhane is a Post Doctoral Research Associate at the University of Liverpool, UK. Fiona holds a degree in Zoology from Trinity College Dublin, an MSc in Aquatic Ecosystem Management and a PhD in Marine Benthic Ecology from Edinburgh Napier University. Her research background is in applied marine ecology, in particular the assessment of environmental health using benthic macroinvertebrates and the use of biotic indices. She has also previously worked on European Union projects including the FP6 project SPICOSA: Science and Policy Integration for Coastal System Assessment and the FP7 project ODEMM: Options for Delivering Ecosystem-Based Marine Management, which developed tools and understanding to help operationalise Ecosystem Based Management across European seas. She has most recently worked on a project with the European Environment Agency, developing a method to assess marine ecosystem services.